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Different Types of Gemstones

In the world there are different types of gemstones. We have listed down those that are mainly used in fine jewelry industry. Goldia.com stocks these gemstones at a fraction of wholesalers prices. We ship all of our loose gems on the same or the next day with our free domestic shipping option.

Diamonds are almost pure carbon. crystallized under extreme heat and pressure. Diamonds are an essential part of any persons jewelry collection. For centuries diamonds have been a symbol of love, excellence and purity. Because ot its hardness and clarity. it has also been a symbol ot power and strength. Throughout history diamonds have been regarded as magical It was said that the Greeks believed diamonds were tears of the gods. Romans believed they were splinters of fallen stars. Diamonds were also believed to have been used as a healing stone. They were used for detecting and detoxifying poison. opening spirituality channels and to assist in calming creatures. Diamond mines are located in Africa, Russia, Brazil, China, South America, Australia. Canada, India and the United States.

Diamond's Properties:

Diamond's Refractive Index: 2.417
Diamond's Optic Character: SR
Diamond's Hardness: 10
Diamond's Toughness: Excellent
Diamond's Specific Gravity: 3.52
Species: Diamonds
Phenomena: None
Enhancement: No

Diamond's Reactions: 

Ultrasonic: Safe
Steamer: Safe
Heat: Good
Chemicals: None

Diamond Care & Handling:
No Special Care Required. Diamonds can be cleaned with commercially available cleaners. Sudden impacts may cause breakage or chipping.

 

Loose Amethyst
Amethysts a quartz stone that usually grows inside agate geodes.Its purple color can range from a very dark deep purple to a lavender or very pale purple. Amethysts have been used as a stone showing power and royalty for centuries. It is no coincidence that !he purple color of Amethyst is the color of royalty.

There are many powerfulcharacterist cs that Amethysts have been thought to have.Centur es ago. ancient healers believed Amethyst could help their psychic thoughts and intuitions. Some people thought the Amethyst power could healheadaches or insomnia.This stone was also thought to give the wearer a feeling of calm and happiness.

Locations where Amethysts mines include: Brazil, Sri Lanka, India, Uruguay. Madagascar, Germany, Australia, Mexico, Africa, Russia and !he United States.

Amethyst Loose Stones


Amethyst's Properties:

Amethyst's Refractive Index: 1544-1.553
Amethyst's Optic Character: DR
Amethyst's Hardness: 7
Amethyst's Toughness: Good
Amethyst's Specific Gravity: 2.66
Species: Quartz
Phenomena: None
Enhancement: H

Amethyst's Reactions: 

Ultrasonic: Usually Safe
Steamer: Risky
Heat: Poor; color change may occur with heat. Thermal shock may cause fracturing.
Chemicals: Hydrofluoric acid, ammonium fluoride.

Amethyst Care & Handling:
Amethyst stones or amethyst jewelry may be cleaned with commercially available jewelry cleaners or warm soap and water, rinse with warm water and dry with a soft clean cloth. Avoid situations involve sharp harsh blows to the jewelry that may fracture or chip the stone or contact with rough surfaces or abrasive materials that may scratch the stone. Avoid prolonged exposure to sun or heat as it may cause the color to fade.

 

 

Aquamarine Loose Stones
Aquamarine is a beryl stone that is usually a light, almost watery-blue colored gemstone.Its name means splendor of the sea. Aquamarine has a rich history with many ancient cultures
including Greeks. Romans. Sumerians,and Egyptians.This stone was used to aid sai ors and to make enemies into friends. It has also been said that Aquamarine helps with differences in a relationship and evokes fasting joyfulmarr ages.

The Aquamarine stoneis usually heat treated.This helps to remove yellow and bring out the blue of the stone.

Locations where Aquamarine is mined include: Nigeria, Madagascar,Zambia, Pakistan, Mozambique, and Brazil.

 

Aquamarine Loose Stones

 Aquamarine's Properties:

Aquamarine's Refractive Index: 1.577-1.583
Aquamarine's Optic Character: DR
Aquamarine's Hardness: 7.5-8
Aquamarine's Toughness: Good
Aquamarine's Specific Gravity: 2.72
Species: Beryl
Phenomena: Cathoyancy (Rare)
Enhancement: H

Aquamarine's Reactions: 

Ultrasonic: Usually Safe
Steamer: Usually Safe
Heat: Poor (Not recommended); color change may occur with heat
Chemicals: Hydrofluoric acid

Aquamarine Care & Handling:
No Special Care Required. Diamonds can be cleaned with commercially available cleaners. Sudden impacts may cause breakage or chipping.

 

 

Citrine Loose Stones

Citrine is a golden yellow to orange colored transparent quartz stone. Most citrine is heat treated. which creates the golden color. but natural citrine does occur. Citrine is a very popular stone for jewelry use due to its beauty and durability.

Citrine has been called a "Guiding stone." Ancient cultures believed the psychic powers of an elder would be brought out by placing a citrine stone on the elders forehead. It is said to help a person welcome change and not fear it and to learn from mistakes. It is also believed to give the person wearing it confidence. enhance memory and promote logical, clear and controlled thinking.

Sources of citrine include Brazil, Bolivia, several African countries and parts of Russia.

Citrine Loose Stones

Citrine's Properties:

Citrine's Refractive Index: 1.544-1.553
Citrine's Optic Character: DR
Citrine's Hardness: 7
Citrine's Toughness: Good
Citrine's Specific Gravity: 2.66
Species: Quarts
Phenomena: None
Enhancement: H

Citrine's Reactions: 

Ultrasonic: Usually Safe
Steamer: Risky
Heat: Fair; color change may occur with heat
Chemicals:  Hydrofluoric acid, ammonium fluoride.

Citrine Care & Handling:
Citrine loose stones or citrine jewelry may be cleaned with commercially available jewelry cleaners or warm soap and water, rinse with warm water and dry with a soft clean cloth. Avoid situations involve sharp harsh blows to the jewelry that may fracture or chip the stone or contact with rough surfaces or abrasive materials that may scratch the stone. Avoid prolonged exposure to sun or heat as it may cause the color to fade.

 

 

 

Emerald Loose Stones

Emerald gemstones are a variety ot the mineral Beryl. The ancient cultures prized It as the gemstone symbolizing love and rebirth It is said that the Emerald could give mental power and wisdom.and could make the wearer a very persuasive and charismatic speaker.  As a power stone, it offers physical, emotional and spiritual balance. It also encourages spiritual growth, clear vision, memory, faith, intelligence, communication, inspiration, joy, intuition, clairvoyance, serenity, sensuality, love, romance, beauty, harmony, tranquility, serenity, clarity, justice, friendship and unity.

Emeralds are found in the United States, Zambia, Brazil, Zimbabwe, Madagascar, Pakistan, India, Afghanistan and Russia.

Loose Emeralds

Emerald's Properties:

Emerald's Refractive Index: 1.577-1.583
Emerald's Optic Character: DR
Emerald's Hardness: 7.5-8
Emerald's Toughness: Poor to Good
Emerald's Specific Gravity: 2.72
Species: Beryl
Phenomena: Cathoyancy (rare)
Enhancement: O

Emerald's Reactions: 

Ultrasonic: Risky
Steamer: Never
Heat: Very Poor, should never be heated
Chemicals: Hydrofluoric Acid

 

Emerald Care & Handling:
Avoid cleaning in solutions that may remove the oil. Wipe with clean soil cloth Avoid situations that involve sharp harsh blows to the jewelry that may fracture or chip the stone or contact with rough surfaces or abrasive materials that may scratch the stone. Avoid prolonged exposure to light and/or heat that may cause oil to be removed or dry up. Stones may be retreated with oil by an experienced professional.

 

 

 Loose Garnet Gemstones

 

Mozambique Garnet may be in either the Pyrope or Almandite groups of Garnet but is most commonly a mixture of the two. It is a genuine gemstone and is red to orange-red in color.

It is believed to protect the wearer when journeying far from home, gives protection from wounds, stops bleeding,and thought to also ward off evil influences and spirits. Garnet is said to be the stone of romantic love and passion,enhancing sensuality. It rs said to awaken creativity, positive energy, and self confidence, and can bring success 10 one's career or business.
Garnets have been thought to treat infectious diseases.blood poisoning.and heart and lung diseases.

Mozambique Garnet is found in Mozambique, India, Brazil,South Africa,Madagascar and Sri-Lanka.

Loose Garnet Stone

Mozambique Garnet's Properties:

Mozambique Garnet's Refractive Index: 1.76
Mozambique Garnet's Optic Character: SR
Mozambique Garnet's Hardness: 7-7.5
Mozambique Garnet's Toughness: Fair to Good
Mozambique Garnet's Specific Gravity: 3.84
Species: Rhodolite
Phenomena: None
Enhancement: N

Mozambique Garnet's Reactions: 

Ultrasonic: Usually safe
Steamer: Never
Heat: Fair-poor, thermal shock may cause fracturing
Chemicals: Hydrofluoric Acid

 

Mozambique Garnet's Care & Handling:
Mozambique garnet may be cleaned with commercially available jewelry cleaners or warm soap and water, rinse with warm water and dry with a soft clean cloth. Avoid situations involve sharp harsh blows to the jewelry that may fracture or chip the stone or contact with rough surfaces or abrasive materials that may scratch the stone. Avoid prolonged exposure to sun or heat as it may cause the color to fade.

 

 

Rhodolite Garnet

Rhodolite garnet is a pinkish, purplish or purple-red garnet This rare garnet has a red with a fine purple or raspberry colored undertone. Unlike the common red garnets which tend towards a very deep red with a brownish secondary hue. Rhodolite is lighter and brighter in color. Rhodolite Garnet gemstones are generally not treated.

The garnet was popular as a talisman and protective stone as it was believed to light up the night and protect its bearer from evil and disaster. It is said that  said that Noah used a finely cut glowing cut garnet with in a lantern to help him steer his ark through the dark night in medieval times g
arnets were thought to cure depression, protect against bad dreams.and relieve diseases of the liver and bleeding The Greeks said garnet guarded children from drowning It was also thought as protection against poisons.

Originally found in the USA. major sources for rhodolite garnet gemstones are Tanzania and North Carolina USA Other sources include Brazil, China, Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Sn Lanka and South Africa.

Rhodolite Garnet

Rhodolite Garnet's Properties:

Rhodolite Garnet's Refractive Index: 1.76
Rhodolite Garnet's Optic Character: SR
Rhodolite Garnet's Hardness: 7-7.5
Rhodolite Garnet's Toughness: Fair to Good
Rhodolite Garnet's Specific Gravity: 3.84
Species: Rhodolite
Phenomena: None
Enhancement: N

Rhodolite Garnet's Reactions: 

Ultrasonic: Usually safe
Steamer: Never
Heat: Fair-poor, thermal shock may cause fracturing
Chemicals: Hydrofluoric Acid

 

Rhodolite Garnet's Care & Handling:

Rhodolite garnet may be cleaned with commercially available jewelry cleaners or warm soap and water, rinse with warm water and dry with a soft clean cloth. Avoid situations involve sharp harsh blows to the jewelry that may fracture or chip the stone or contact with rough surfaces or abrasive materials that may scratch the stone. Avoid prolonged exposure to sun or heat as it may cause the color to fade.

 

 

Spessartite Garnet

Spessartite Garnet. sometimes referred to as the mandarin garnet is an orange to red-brown garnet. The stone Is named after the Bavarian Spessart Mountain Range in Germany where Spessartite Garnet deposits were found in the 1880's.

The Spessartite Garnet is believed to provide strength of heart and eagerness to assist to others. Physically, it is thought to benefit analytical and creative abilities, the reproductive system and the appetite. Spessart1te Garnets assist with clear
communication, self-confidence and the willingness to make changes.

Spessartite Gamet currently can be found in Namibia, Myanmar, Brazil, China, Kenya, Madagascar, SriLanka, Tanzania and the USA.

Spessartite Garnet Stone

Spessartite Garnet's Properties:

Spessartite Garnet's Refractive Index: 1.76
Spessartite Garnet's Optic Character: SR
Spessartite Garnet's Hardness: 7-7.5
Spessartite Garnet's Toughness: Fair to Good
Spessartite Garnet's Specific Gravity: 3.84
Species: Rhodolite
Phenomena: None
Enhancement: N

Spessartite Garnet's Reactions: 

Ultrasonic: Usually safe
Steamer: Never
Heat: Fair-poor, thermal shock may cause fracturing
Chemicals: Hydrofluoric Acid

 

Spessartite Garnet's Care & Handling:

Avoid prolonged exposure to direct sun light. Spessartite garnet may be cleaned with commercially available jewelry cleaners or warm soap and water, rinse with warm water and dry with a soft clean cloth. Avoid situations involve sharp harsh blows to the jewelry that may fracture or chip the stone or contact with rough surfaces or abrasive materials that may scratch the stone. Avoid prolonged exposure to sun or heat as it may cause the color to fade.

 

 

Loose Morganite Stones

Although this precious and beautiful gemstone has been around for millions or years,it has only been known as Morganite for less than 100 years. Before that, gemologists simply viewed this variety of beryl as 'pink beryl'. It was given the name Morganite in honer of mineral collector and banker J. P.Morgan.
Morganile, which is now gaining recognitionas the "Pink Emerald,' is almost always heat-treated to the pink color. The gemstone is typically used for stress-related problems, because radiates a pleasant feeling of relaxation and calm.The color of Morganite exudes charm and tenderness. Morganite is also used to counter asthma, and other lung difficulties,impotence and heart problems.

Morganite is often found in Southern California, Brazil, Russia, Afghanistan and Madagascar.

Loose Morganite Stones

Morganite's Properties:

Morganite's Refractive Index: 1.577-1.583
Morganite's Optic Character: DR
Morganite's Hardness: 7.5-8
Morganite's Toughness: Good
Morganite's Specific Gravity: 2.72
Species: Beryl
Phenomena: Cathoyancy
Enhancement: H

Morganite's Reactions: 

Ultrasonic: Usually safe
Steamer:  Usually safe
Heat: Poor, color change may occur with heat
Chemicals: Hydrofluoric Acid

 

Morganite's Care & Handling:

Morganite may be cleaned with commercially available jewelry cleaners or warm soap and water, rinse with warm water and dry with a soft clean cloth. Avoid situations involve sharp harsh blows to the jewelry that may fracture or chip the stone or contact with rough surfaces or abrasive materials that may scratch the stone. Avoid prolonged exposure to sun or heat as it may cause the color to fade.

 

 

Australian Opals

Opal is a sedimentary stone

For ages people have believed in the healing power of Opal. Some people claimed Opals had the power to help relieve depression and to help its wearer find true and real love. Among the ancient cultures and civilizations, opal was a symbol of fidelity and assurance and in later history it became associated with religious emotional prayer. It was believed to have a strong therapeutic value for diseases or evil eye.

Australia is the classical opal country and today is the worldwide most important supplier of fine opals. Almost 95 percent of all opals come from Australian mines. The remaining five percent are mined in Mexico,and in Brazil's north and also in the US states of Idaho and Nevada.

Because of their water content.Opals are also highly sensitive to sudden changes in Temperature.

Australian Opals

Australian Opal's Properties:

Australian Opal's Refractive Index: 1.45
Australian Opal's Optic Character: SR (ADR Common)
Australian Opal's Hardness: 5-6.5
Australian Opal's Toughness: Very Poor to Fair
Australian Opal's Specific Gravity: 2.15
Species: Opal
Phenomena: Play of Color
Enhancement: N

Australian Opal's Reactions: 

Ultrasonic: Never
Steamer:  Never
Heat: Very Poor, may cause the gemstone to crack
Chemicals: Hydrofluoric Acid

 

Australian Opal's Care & Handling:

May be cleaned with commercially available jewelry cleaners or warm soap and water, rinse with warm water and dry with a soft clean cloth. Avoid situations involve sharp harsh blows to the jewelry that may fracture or chip the stone or contact with rough surfaces or abrasive materials that may scratch the stone. Avoid prolonged exposure to sun or heat as it may cause fine fractures (known as crazing).

 

 

Loose Ethiopian Opals

This Ethiopian Opal is top crystal material, meaning it has high transparency, generally considered to be the highest quality Opal. It is a hydrophane crystal, which means it absorbs moisture.

Known as the "Vision stone," it is said to enhance creativity and stimulates the imagination. It is also believed to align spiritual with astral and psychic planes giving the wearer balance.

Loose Ethiopian Opals

Ethiopian Opal's Properties:

Ethiopian Opal's Refractive Index: 1.42-1.44
Ethiopian Opal's Optic Character: SR (ADR Common)
Ethiopian Opal's Hardness: 5-6
Ethiopian Opal's Toughness: Very Poor to Fair
Ethiopian Opal's Specific Gravity: 1.74-1.89 (Prior to soaking in the water)
Species: Opal
Phenomena: Play of Color
Enhancement: N, SC

Ethiopian Opal's Reactions: 

Ultrasonic: Never
Steamer:  Never
Heat: Very Poor, may cause the gemstone to crack
Chemicals: Avoid immersion in any liquid. Remove stone during sizing with heat.

 

Ethiopian Opal's Care & Handling:

Special care Required. Hydrophane generally indicates a material that is absorbent when immersed in liquid. Keep away from cleaning agents,perfumes, oils and any liquids as they can be absorbed and may alter color and/or appearance. Avoid sudden and extreme temperature changes. Avoid steam and ultrasonic cleaners. Avoid situations that involve sharp harsh blows to the jewelry that may fracture or chip the stone or contact with rough surfaces or abrasive
materials that may scratch the stone. Wipe with a clean soft cloth. If the stone is accidentally immersed in water and changes appearance, the color will slowly come back as the water evaporates from the stone. This can take a couple of hours or a few days.

 

 

Mexican Fire Opals

The gemstone Fire Opal is a rare type of Opal that can be found mainly in Mexico. There are two different varieties of Fire Opal. The first type of Fire Opal is a red, orange or yellow and
has translucent features and a minimal amount of color play. The second type of Fire Opal is a brownish color and has similar play or color as the precious Opal. The color range of the Fire Opal gemstone can be anywhere from a brownish orange, to an orange yellowish shade.

Their warm, fiery color is thought to give the wearer vigor, f ill them with the joys of life and open the senses to the beauty of nature. The Mexican Fire Opal is believed to help to make feelings flow and resolve blockages. It is said that Fire Opals bestow courage, stamina,
will-power and energy to the wearer.

Fire Opals are mainly found and mined in Mexico, which is known for having the finest quality of Opals available. They can also be found in Brazil, Guatemala, across the United States as well as Australia.

Mexican Fire Opals

Mexican Fire Opal's Properties:

Mexican Fire Opal's Refractive Index: 1.42-1.44
Mexican Fire Opal's Optic Character: SR (ADR Common)
Mexican Fire Opal's Hardness: 5-6
Mexican Fire Opal's Toughness: Very Poor to Fair
Mexican Fire Opal's Specific Gravity: 2.15
Species: Opal
Phenomena: Play of Color
Enhancement: N

Mexican Fire Opal's Reactions: 

Ultrasonic: Never
Steamer:  Never
Heat: Very Poor, may cause the gemstone to crack
Chemicals: Hydrofluoric Acid

 

Mexican Fire Opal's Care & Handling:

Special care Required. Hydrophane generally indicates a material that is absorbent when immersed in liquid. Keep away from cleaning agents,perfumes, oils and any liquids as they can be absorbed and may alter color and/or appearance. Avoid sudden and extreme temperature changes. Avoid steam and ultrasonic cleaners. Avoid situations that involve sharp harsh blows to the jewelry that may fracture or chip the stone or contact with rough surfaces or abrasive
materials that may scratch the stone. Wipe with a clean soft cloth. If the stone is accidentally immersed in water and changes appearance, the color will slowly come back as the water evaporates from the stone. This can take a couple of hours or a few days.

 

 

 

 Loose Freshwater Pearls

Since the beginning of time, pearls have been referred to as the world's most magical and beautiful gem. The ancient Egyptians loved pearls so much they were buried with them.

Pearls were considered the ultimate symbol of wealth and social standing in ancient Rome. The Greeks held the pearl in high esteem because of its unrivaled beauty. During the Dark Ages, knights wore pearls into battle, believing they would protect them from harm and during the Renaissance, many European countries had laws forbidding anyone but nobility to
wear these lustrous gems. Unlike gemstones though, natural pearls are grown by oysters who live beneath the sea. Similarly, Freshwater Cultured Pearls are pearls that are cultivated using freshwater mussels. Careful nurturing, countless hours of labor, and significant investment are needed to bring a Cultured Pearl to market. Although the first Freshwater Cultured Pearls came from Japan, today most come exclusively from China.

Loose Freshwater Pearls

 

Freshwater Pearl's Properties:

Freshwater Pearl's Refractive Index: 1.52-1.66
Freshwater Pearl's Optic Character: Organic
Freshwater Pearl's Hardness: 2.5-4
Freshwater Pearl's Toughness: Usually good but variable
Freshwater Pearl's Specific Gravity: 2.5-4.5
Species: Pearl
Phenomena: Orient (Rainbow Effect)
Enhancement: B

Freshwater Pearl's Reactions: 

Ultrasonic: Never
Steamer:  Never
Heat: Very Poor, may cause fractures
Chemicals: All chemicals, especially chlorine and acids

 

Freshwater Pearl's Care & Handling:

Avoid exposure to direct sunlight. If pearls are worn as bracelets or rings, they should be limited to occasional wear, to minimize scratches. Keep pearls away from perfumes or hairspray. To clean, use a damp cloth. Never use commercially available jewelry cleaners with pearls.Store pearls separately from other gemstones to prevent scratches. Never store pearls in an airtight environment which will cause them to become brittle and damage their luster.

 

Loose Freshwater Black Pearls

Loose Freshwater Black Pearls have been coveted throughout the world for thousands or years. However, they did not become fashionable until the 1850's when Empress Eugenie of France introduced them to European in the form of a necklace. Currently, most Black Pearls sold commercially are freshwater cultured black pearls, which resemble the highly valued very rare Tahitian Pearl originating from black lip oyster. The Fresh Cultured Black Pearls are infused with
color post-harvest by using a silver salt solutions and irradiation. Black Pearls come in a mix of green,purple,blue and grey, which is why they been given the trade name 'peacock pearls' referring to the multiple shades of a peacock feather. Most Freshwater Black Pearls come from China.

Loose Black Freshwater Pearls

Freshwater Black Pearl's Properties:

Freshwater Black Pearl's Refractive Index: 1.53-1.69
Freshwater Black Pearl's Optic Character: Organic
Freshwater Black Pearl's Hardness: 2.5-4
Freshwater Black Pearl's Toughness: Usually good but variable
Freshwater Black Pearl's Specific Gravity: 2.68-2.86
Species: Pearl
Phenomena: Orient (Rainbow Effect)
Enhancement: B, D, R

Freshwater Black Pearl's Reactions: 

Ultrasonic: Never
Steamer:  Never
Heat: Very Poor, may cause fractures
Chemicals: All chemicals, especially chlorine and acids

 

Black Freshwater Pearl's Care & Handling:

Avoid exposure to direct sunlight. If pearls are worn as bracelets or rings, they should be limited to occasional wear, to minimize scratches. Keep pearls away from perfumes or hairspray. To clean, use a damp cloth. Never use commercially available jewelry cleaners with pearls.Store pearls separately from other gemstones to prevent scratches. Never store pearls in an airtight environment which will cause them to become brittle and damage their luster.

 

 

Loose Peridot Stone

Peridot is a gemstone made from minerals usually within igneous rocks. Peridot has a long standing mystical reputation. It has been thought to have the power of
warding off anxiety. making men more articulate and promoting success in relationships and marriage. To exert its full potential, the stone was set in gold If it was to be used to protect the wearer from evil spirits. it had to be pierced, strung on the hair of a donkey. and worn on the left arm. As a medical remedy. ‘it was powdered to cure asthma Holding a peridot under the tongue was supposed to lessen the thirst of a person suffering from fever. Peridot gems have also been found in meteorites that have traveled in space and landed on the earth. Peridot can be located in Arizona, China, Pakistan, and Afghanistan.

Loose Peridot Stone

Peridot's Properties:

Peridot's Refractive Index: 1.654-1.690
Peridot's Optic Character: DR
Peridot's Hardness: 6.5-7
Peridot's Toughness: Fair to good
Peridot's Specific Gravity: 3.37
Species: Peridot
Phenomena: None
Enhancement: H

Peridot's Reactions: 

Ultrasonic: Risky
Steamer:  Never
Heat: Poor, rapid heat may cause breakage
Chemicals: Sulfuric acid, hydrocloric acid, pickling solution

 

Peridot's Care & Handling:

This gemstone may be cleaned with commercially available jewelry cleaners or warm soap and water, rinse with warm water and dry with a soft clean cloth. Avoid situations involve sharp harsh blows to the jewelry that may fracture or chip the stone or contact with rough surfaces or abrasive materials that may scratch the stone. 

 

 

Loose Ruby Gemstones

Rubies are made from the mineral Corundum. These precious gemstones usually come in either a pinkish red or deep, rich red color. Rubies were worn by kings and aristocrats since the dawn of time. It was said these stones were used to ward off sickness and to make one invulnerable to defeat.

During ancient times it was thought that individuals who possessed Rubies would never have their wealth or belongings taken from them Today, Rubies symbolize beauty, charity, daintiness, dignity, happiness, love, and passion They have also been believed to have the ability to dispel discord and sadness, to preserve the Ruby's wearer from false friendships and to ward off imminent danger.

They can be found in many regions around the world including lndia, East Africa, South America, Burma, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Cambodia, Australia, and North Carolina

Loose Ruby Gemstones

 

Ruby's Properties:

Ruby's Refractive Index: 1.76-1.77
Ruby's Optic Character: DR
Ruby's Hardness: 9
Ruby's Toughness: Excellent
Ruby's Specific Gravity: 4.0
Species: Corundum
Phenomena: Chatoyancy (Very rare)
Enhancement: H

Ruby's Reactions: 

Ultrasonic: Usually Safe
Steamer:  Usually Safe
Heat: Usually Safe; may change color or cause fractures
Chemicals: Boron boric acid powder

 

Ruby's Care & Handling:

This gemstone may be cleaned with commercially available jewelry cleaners or warm soap and water, rinse with warm water and dry with a soft clean cloth. Avoid situations involve sharp harsh blows to the jewelry that may fracture or chip the stone or contact with rough surfaces or abrasive materials that may scratch the stone.

 

 

Loose Tanzanite Gemstone

Tanzanite is a blue variety of the gemstone Zoisite. It consists of calcium aluminum silicate and is not particularly hard, having a value of 6.5 to 7 on the Mons scale. Tanzanite is an extraordinary. unique and beautiful gemstone. it occurs in only one place worldwide, the East African state of Tanzania.
The blue of the Tanzanite runs from ultramarine blue to light violetrblue

Tanzanite is the gemstone that is believed to bring visions. Tanzanite is an important communication stone, considered to give one the ability to speak the truth. Tanzanite is said to promote compassion.
calm an overactive mind, and bring on a peaceful understanding 0! one's own heart. It has been said that Ancient Celtic chiefs would use Tanzanite gemstones in the process of defining the next tribal leaders Tanzanite is said to invigorate a person‘s soul. and free the wearer from negative habits. There is a belief that owning Tanzanite will bring luck and fortune to its bearer. Tanzanite has been
used for balancing the spirit.

Loose Tanzanite Stones

 

Tanzanite's Properties:

Ruby's Refractive Index: 1.69-1.70
Ruby's Optic Character: DR
Ruby's Hardness: 6-7
Ruby's Toughness: Fair to poor
Ruby's Specific Gravity: 3.35
Species: Zoisite
Phenomena: Chatoyancy (Rare)
Enhancement: H

Tanzanite's Reactions: 

Ultrasonic: Never
Steamer:  Never
Heat: Poor, very sudden temperature changes may cause crack
Chemicals: Boron boric acid powder

 

Tanzanite's Care & Handling:

This gemstone may be cleaned with commercially available jewelry cleaners or warm soap and water, rinse with warm water and dry with a soft clean cloth. Avoid situations involve sharp harsh blows to the jewelry that may fracture or chip the stone or contact with rough surfaces or abrasive materials that may scratch the stone.